UNDERSTANDING THE RAW MATERIALS STRATEGIES OF THE EU

The European Union is highly dependent on imports of raw materials, to which European industry requires effi cient and secure access. In recent years raw materials security and related strategies have become one of the key priorities in the EU’s external actions as well as in interior policy  making.
The foundations of these strategies were laid in two key documents from 2008 and 2011, driven by the current global economic situation and the EU’s high dependence on imports of certain raw materials. The new strategy introduced trade policy measures aimed at fostering a fair and sustainable supply of raw materials from international markets. Export restrictions, used by third countries, have been identified as a major impediment to free flow of these commodities.
Internally, the EU emphasises reliance on its own sources of raw materials and resource effi ciency, including better waste legislation, recycling and reusing.

Policy Papers